They were told, “don’t be constrained by current
They conducted two “capabilities-based wargames”
and did extensive research on existing doctrine and
literature on the subject as they moved into the writing
phase, Berry said.
They also had periodic scrutiny from the Naval Review
Board, led by Lt. Gen. Robert Walsh, commander, Marine
Corps Combat Development Command, and deputy commandant for Combat Development and Integration, and
Vice Adm. John Aquilino, deputy chief of naval operations
for Operations, Plans and Strategy. Richardson and Neller
sat in on two of the in-process reviews.
“We went in understanding that you don’t change
the force design overnight,” because the ships in the
fleet are designed to last 30 to 40 years and there was
“no expectation that someone was going to open up
a checkbook and give us a lot of cash,” Berry said. So
they focused on “how we might reuse what we already
have differently. How might we complement what we
have with some things around the edges. More an evo-
lutionary approach than revolutionary approach.
“A fundamental premise of the concept is that the
Marines have a role to play in the sea fight,” he said.
“As the process evolved, we came to recognize that in
addition to Marines fighting from the sea and at sea,
we could make a contribution by fighting from the land
to the sea.”
The still-developing LOCE was cited in the Marine
Corps Operating Concept (MOC), released in September,
with statements on the need for “a coherent and fully
integrated Naval Force” and the Corps’ contribution to
“The Marine Corps must enhance its power projection capabilities and contributions to sea control as
part of a Naval campaign,” it said.
U.S. Sailors and Marines from 1st Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment, demonstrate amphibious landing capabilities Dec. 4 during Steel Knight 2016 at
Camp Pendleton, Calif. The new Littoral Operations in a Contested Environment proposes creating a Littoral Combat Group that tightly combines
Navy and Marine Corps elements and capabilities for operations to project power through contested littoral waters.