WWW.SEAPOWERMAGAZINE.ORG SEAPOWER ALMANAC 2016
BRIEFING: The C-2A Greyhound is the Navy’s Carrier Onboard
Delivery aircraft, providing critical transport of personnel, logistic materiel and mail between shore facilities and carrier strike
groups at sea. The C-2A can deliver a payload of up to 10,000
pounds in excess of 1,000 nautical miles.
Nineteen C-2As were procured during the 1960s and phased
out of service in 1987. Thirty-nine new-production C-2A
replacement aircraft — built with significant airframe and avionics improvements — were procured during the 1980s, 35 of
which remain in service. Two fleet logistics squadrons, one on
each coast, deploy two-plane C-2A detachments on each aircraft
carrier to support essential air connector capability for time-critical logistics, diplomatic presence operations and humanitarian assistance/disaster response.
The C-2A SLEP was completed in 2011. It included improvements such as structural enhancements, dual ARC-210 radios,
the Terrain-Awareness Warning System, the Traffic Collision-Avoidance System and the replacement of Kapton wiring. Eight-blade NP2000 propellers are installed on all 35 C-2As.
The Communication, Navigation, Surveillance/Air Traffic
Management system features components that expand the aircraft’s communications capability by increasing the number of
usable radio frequencies, reducing channel congestion. As part
of the navigation upgrade, a system combining GPS equipment
and an inertial navigation system has been integrated to provide accurate positioning and velocity, allowing flight crews to
perform precise landing approaches. Integration is complete in
all 35 C-2As.
WINGSPAN:.................. 80. 6 feet
LENGTH:...................... 56. 8 feet
HEIGHT: ....................... 17. 2 feet
WEIGHT: .......................maximum takeoff, carrier, 57,500 pounds;
maximum takeoff, field, 60,000 pounds
SPEED:.........................maximum, 343 knots
CEILING:....................... 30,000 feet
RANGE:........................ 1,300 nautical miles
POWER PLANT: ........... 2 Allison T56-A-425 turboprop engines
( 4,600 shp each)
CREW: .......................... 2 pilots, 2 crew members
CONTRACTOR: ...........Northrop Grumman Corp.
BRIEFING: The P-8A Poseidon is designed to replace the P-3C
as a long-range anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-surface
warfare, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) aircraft capable of broad-area, maritime and littoral operations.
The P-8A is a military derivative of the Boeing Next-Generation 737-800 commercial platform. The P-8A is built in-line using the Boeing commercial manufacturing process: Spirit
AeroSystems builds the fuselage; Boeing Commercial Airplanes
installs the wings, empennage, aircraft assembly and engine
installations; and Boeing Defense, Space & Security installs the
mission systems and completes the installation and check-out.
The P-8A provides more combat capability and requires a
smaller force with less infrastructure to operate than the P-3C.
It also delivers an extended global reach, greater payload capacity, higher operating altitude, open systems architecture and significant growth potential.
Major sensor systems include an APY- 10 radar system —
developed specifically for the Poseidon — which features inverse
synthetic aperture radar, synthetic aperture radar and ultra-high-resolution imaging modes. The Poseidon also carries an electro-optical/infrared (EO/IR) sensor turret and has increased acoustic
processing capability with 64 passive sonobuoys, 32 multistatic
sonobuoys and concurrent passive/active processing.
In April 2009, the U.S. Navy and Australian Ministry of
Defence signed a memorandum of understanding to form a cooperative partnership and establish a joint program office to develop
and manage the Increment 2 phase of the P-8A program.
The first flight-test aircraft, T- 1, made its first flight on April 25,
2009. The P-8A integrated test squadron now consists of six test aircraft, the first three being instrumented test aircraft. These flight-test
aircraft are being used for airworthiness testing and envelope expansion, mission systems testing and stores separation testing. The
remaining three are production representative aircraft that were used
to support the successful operational test and evaluation in 2013.
Approval to enter LRIP was granted at Milestone C in August
2010. Deliveries of six LRIP Lot 1 P-8As were ordered in January
2011, and the first LRIP Lot 1 Poseidon made its first flight on July
7, 2011. In November 2011, the Navy ordered seven P-8As under
LRIP Lot 2. LRIPs Lot 3 and 4 included 11 and 13 P-8As, respectively. The P-8A received permission to enter FRP in January 2014 and
the first FRP contract was awarded in February 2014. A total of 38
U.S. Navy P-8As, including six test aircraft, had been delivered by
December 2015. Contracts have been issued for 62 production aircraft for the U.S. Navy, which has a requirement for 117 P-8As.
IOC was achieved in December 2013, with the Western Pacific deployment of VP- 16 on Dec. 1, 2013. VP- 5, VP- 45, VP- 8,
VP- 10, and VP- 26 followed VP- 16 in transition to the P-8A.
Australia entered into a formal cooperative agreement with the
U.S. Navy in March 2012 for the procurement of the P-8A, sustainment of the common fleet configuration and the planning of
any future follow-on development efforts. In February 2014, the
government of Australia announced acquisition approval for
eight P-8As with an option for four more. Australia’s eight P-8A
aircraft will be evenly split between FRP Lots 2 and 3. This effort
includes the purchase of long-lead parts in support of the delivery schedule for four Royal Australian Air Force P-8As, the first
scheduled for delivery in 2016.
On Jan. 4, 2009, the Indian Ministry of Defence agreed to purchase eight P-8I versions and was working toward the procurement
of four more. The first P-8I made its first flight on Sept. 28, 2011,
and arrived in India in May 2013. Six had been delivered by October C-2A GREYHOUND