SEAPOWER ALMANAC 2016 6
PUBLISHER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Skip Witunski
ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER . . . . . . . . .Bruce Butler
EDITOR IN CHIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Amy L. Wittman
DEPUTY EDITOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Peter E. Atkinson
MANAGING EDITOR . . . . . . . . . . . . .Richard R. Burgess
PUBLICATIONS DIRECTOR &
SOCIAL MEDIA COORDINATOR . . . .Kerri Carpenter
SENIOR MANAGER, IT &
WEB SERVICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Donald Cheatham
PHOTOGRAPHER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lisa Nipp
PROOFREADER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Jean B. Reynolds
ART & PRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . .Abstract Orange Design
Christopher P. Cavas
Headquarters, Navy League of the United States
2300 Wilson Blvd., Suite 200, Arlington, VA 22201-5424
TEL: (703) 528-1775; FAX: (703) 243-8251
2300 Wilson Blvd., Suite 200, Arlington, VA 22201-5424
TEL: (703) 528-2075; FAX: (703) 243-8251
Volume 59, Number 1, January 2016
Printed in U.S.A.
Copyright © 2016
Navy League of the United States
2300 Wilson Blvd., Suite 200
Arlington, VA 22201-5424
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced
without permission from the publisher.
SEAPOWER (ISSN-0199-1337) is published 10 times a year, with combined issues of
February/March and July/August, by the Navy League of the United States, 2300 Wilson
Blvd., Suite 200, Arlington, VA 22201-5424. Subscription rates $58.00 per year; reduced
to $25.00 for active-duty military personnel, schools and libraries; single copy $5.00;
single copy Almanac issue $22.50. Foreign rates $145.00 air mail; single copy $14.00
(includes air mail postage); single copy Almanac issue $45.00. Annual $55.00 individual
membership in the Navy League includes a one-year subscription to SEAPOWER.
Periodical-class postage paid at Arlington, Va., and additional mailing offices.
Microfilm copies of SEAPOWER may be obtained from University Microfilms Inc.,
300 N. Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses
to: Station A, P.O. Box 54, Windsor, ON N9A 6J5 E-mail: email@example.com
POSTMASTER: Send address changes to SEAPOWER Magazine, 2300 Wilson
Blvd., Suite 200, Arlington, VA 22201-5424. SEAPOWER (ISSN-0199-1337).
The Navy League of the United States is an independent, nonprofit, civilian educational organization. Statements contained herein have no official sanction or approval
by the U.S. government. Classified by Library of Congress call number VA-49-N28.
Copyright © 2016 Navy League of the United States. Reprinted by permission.
Matter printed herein does not necessarily represent the opinion of the publisher.
Magazine assumes no responsibility for unsolicited material. SEAPOWER invites letters to the editor, but cannot guarantee reply to same. Editors reserve the right to
edit letters for style, accuracy and brevity. Letters must be signed to be considered
for publication, but writer’s name may be withheld upon request.
The SEAPOWER staff gratefully acknowledges the
many individuals and organizations listed here, without whose generous support and assistance it would
not have been possible to produce a publication of
the size, scope and complexity of the 2016 Almanac.
Navy Office of Information: Chief of Information Rear Adm. Dawn
Cutler; Capt. Amy Derrick, Cmdr. Ryan Perry, Cmdr. William Marks,
Lt. Cmdr. Sarah Flaherty, Lt. Cmdr. Nicole Schwegman, Lt. Cmdr.
David Bennett, Lt. Cmdr. Ed Early, Lt. Cmdr. Tim Hawkins, Lt.
Cmdr. Megan Shutka, Lt. Cmdr. Hayley Sims, Lt. Ryan Benitez, Lt.
Fiona McFarland, Lt. Rob Myers, Lt. Chika Onyekanne, Lt. Jackie
Pau, Lt. Jesus Uranga, Lt. j.g. Kat Dransfield, Lt. j.g. Kara Yingling,
Rob Newell and Judy V. Van Benthuysen
Office of the Chief of Naval Operations: Joe Gradisher
Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (RD&A): Cmdr.
Naval Air Systems Command: Rob Koon, Billy Ray Brown, Emily
Burdeshaw, Kelly M. Burdick, Victor Chen, Jamie Cosgrove, Bill
Couch, Katherine M. Coughlan, La Toya Graddy, Marcia T. Hart,
Michael Land and Sylvia Pierson
Naval Sea Systems Command: Rory O’Connor, James Slater,
Matt Leonard, Colleen O’Rourke, Dale Eng, Alan Baribeau, Stacie
Evans, Brie Lang, Tim Fontana and Amy Akiyama
Strategic Systems Program Office: John Daniels
Military Sealift Command: Thomas Van Leunen, Nathan C.
Potter, Wayne C. Perry and Jillian K. Morris
F- 35 Joint Program Office: Kyra Hawn
Naval History and Heritage Command: Joe Gordon
Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps: Maj. Clark Carpenter, Maj.
Christian Devine, Maj. Paul Greenberg, Capt. Tyler Balzer, Capt.
Sarah Burns, Capt. Eric Flanagan, Capt. Maureen Krebs, Capt.
Philip Kulczewski and Capt. Dominic Pitrone
Marine Corps Systems Command: Barbara Hamby
Marine Corps PEO Land Systems: Manny Pacheco
Marine Corps History Division: Annette Amerman
Headquarters, U.S. Coast Guard: CWO3 Chad Saylor
Maritime Administration: Kim Anderson and Kim A. Strong
The Tailhook Association: Doug Siegfried
Abstract Orange Design: Lauren Emeritz and Rob Black
Publishers Press: Tom Wheeler, Stephanie Barnes, Janice Johns,
Marty Roberson, Barbi Goodin and Kary Jury
Also: Marco Borst, Jaap Dubbeldam, Don Jay, Thomas Kaminski,
Ted Minter, Richard J. Morgan, Jim Mulquin, Lindsey Peacock,
Norman Polmar, Christine Reynolds, David Shirlaw, Martyn Swan,
Michael Weeks, Mike Wilson and Eric Wertheim
Navy League Headquarters staff: (In addition to those listed in
the masthead) Marcel Angeles, Oscar M. Arrieta, Chris Bennett,
Karin Beswick, Nichole Bolen, Leticia Click, Dan DiPietro, Ryan
Donaldson, Aimee Freeman, Sara Fuentes, Emily Lefler, Evan
Martella, Stacy McFarland, Laura McKaskel, Luana McMurray-Hodges, Kevyan Sly, Pirjo Toivanen and Kevin Traver
Naval Sea Cadets Headquarters staff: Stephen K. Bunting,
Barbara Donnelly, Amanda Kaer, Katelyn McIlvaine, Veronica
Morales, Vinson Nash and Henry J. Nyland
Thanks also are extended to the many others — in the Navy League,
the sea services, and the maritime and defense industries — who
contributed in various ways but whose names are not included.