DISPLACEMENT: ......... 15,482 long tons
BEAM: .......................... 80. 7 feet
SPEED:......................... 30 knots
POWER PLANT: ...........Integrated Power System: 2 main turbine
generators, 2 auxiliary turbine generator sets,
2 34. 6 megawatt propulsion motors
ARMAMENT: ................80-cell Advanced VLS cells for Tomahawk,
Standard, ESSM and Vertical-Launch Anti-
Submarine Rocket missiles, 2 155mm AGSs;
2 Mk46 30mm guns
AIRCRAFT:................... 2 MH-60Rs or 1 MH-60R and 3 RQ-8Bs
COMPLEMENT:............ 130 plus 28 in aviation detachment
BUILDER:.....................General Dynamics Bath Iron Works
DDG 1000 Zumwalt...............(under construction) future: San Diego, Calif.
DDG 1001 Michael Monsoor...........(under construction) future: San Diego,
DDG 1002 Lyndon B. Johnson.......(under construction) future: San Diego,
BRIEFING: The last nine of 51 U.S. Navy Oliver Hazard Perry-class
guided-missile frigates (FFG) were decommissioned in 2015. Navy
Secretary Ray Mabus announced in January 2015 that the frigate
designation would return with the last 20 littoral combat ships, to
be built with more lethal capabilities. The new frigate (FF) is in the
design phase, with construction expected to be authorized in 2019.
However, on Dec. 14, 2015, Defense Secretary Ashton Carter
ordered a 12-ship reduction in the LCS/FF programs.
LITTORAL COMBAT SHIPS
LITTORAL COMBAT SHIPS (LCS)
BRIEFING: The LCS is a new breed of U.S. Navy warship with
interchangeable capabilities optimized for littoral or coastal mis-
sions. The concept provides a basic platform able to embark mission
packages, or modules, configured for specific types of warfare. The
first three modules under development are for anti-mine, anti-
submarine and anti-surface warfare. Future development may
include homeland security and maritime interdiction modules.
The ships are intended to fight in enclosed or coastal contested
waters, with their abilities optimized by networked, off-board sen-
sors and weapons. They will feature an advanced networking capa-
bility to share tactical information with other Navy aircraft, ships,
submarines and joint units. Mission modules consist of sensors,
weapons and manned and unmanned vehicles used above, on and
below the surface, operated by special personnel detachments.
The LCS also will perform self-defense; high-speed transit; maritime interdiction operations; intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (ISR) and anti-terrorism/force-protection missions; as well as
support special operations forces and homeland defense.
Industry teams led by Lockheed Martin and General Dynamics
were contracted in 2004 to build competing designs for a fast, agile
and networked surface combatant seaframe. The Navy procurement program envisioned purchasing a number of each design and
left open the option that both designs could proceed into series production. Keys to the original construction program were a fast
building time of two years per ship and a relatively inexpensive cost
of about $220 million per hull, exclusive of mission modules.
In April 2007, the Navy canceled its contract with Lockheed
Martin for the construction of LCS 3 after negotiations to control
cost overruns failed. The second General Dynamics ship, LCS 4, also
was canceled in November 2007 after similar cost overruns. In the
fiscal 2009 budget, the Navy funded procurement of one vessel of
each class and reassigned the hull numbers 3 and 4, respectively.
To meet cost constraints, the Navy restructured its acquisition strategy in 2010 and announced a competition between
Lockheed Martin and Austal USA (taking over from General
Dynamics beginning with LCS 6) for a 10-ship contract, with
two ships in fiscal 2010 and options through fiscal 2014. In
December 2010, Congress approved an award to both teams
with multiyear contracts to build 10 ships each through 2015.
The Navy had planned to procure a total of 52 LCSs, but in
February 2014 then-Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel ordered the
Navy to truncate the program at 32 ships and proceed with development of a frigate-sized Small Surface Combatant to be based on
a modified LCS design. The Dec. 14, 2015, order to reduce the
LCS/FF programs by 12 ships will result in a total of 40 LCS/FF
hulls, and down-selecting to one LCS/FF hull type by 2019.
LCS 1, USS Freedom, a semi-planing monohull built by the
Lockheed Martin team, was commissioned Nov. 8, 2008. The
ship conducted a demonstration deployment to the U.S.
Southern Command and U.S. Pacific Command areas of operations in 2010 and a more extensive, 10-month deployment in
2013, operating for much of the year from Singapore, where the
U.S. plans to forward deploy four Freedom-class LCSs.
LCS 2, USS Independence, an all-aluminum trimaran built by
the General Dynamics team, was delivered to the Navy in
December 2009 and commissioned on Jan. 16, 2010. It primarily has been assigned to tests of the mine warfare mission package. In a break from the test schedule, the ship took part in Rim
of the Pacific exercises in and around Hawaii in mid-2014.
USS Fort Worth was commissioned Sept. 22, 2012, and in
November 2014 began its first 16-month rotational Western
Pacific deployment, during which it has operated an MH-60R
helicopter and an MQ-8B vertical-takeoff unmanned aerial vehicle (VTUAV) simultaneously. USS Coronado was commissioned
on April 5, 2014, and conducted the initial operational test and
evaluation of the Surface Warfare mission package in September
2015. USS Milwaukee was commissioned on Nov. 21, 2015, and
USS Jackson was commissioned on Dec. 5, 2015.
ZUMWALT ZUMWALT CLASS