MARINE CORPS AIRCRAFT
The Navy acquired 17 C-9Bs from 1973-1982. During the
1980s, an additional 12 second-hand DC- 9-31 and - 33 airliners
(retaining the DC- 9 designation) were purchased from commercial airlines and modified with cargo doors, bringing the total
C- 9 fleet to 29 aircraft. Beginning in 2001, the C-40A aircraft
began replacing the C- 9 fleet, completing replacement in 2014.
The two remaining Skytrains in service are flown by Marine
Transport Squadron One (VMR- 1).
In 2011, the Navy acquired a DC- 9 modified for special test
work; the aircraft is designated NC-9D.
MV- 22 OSPREY
BRIEFING: Developed by the Navy/Marine Corps/Air Force and
the team of Bell-Boeing, the V- 22 is the world’s first production
tiltrotor aircraft combining rotary- and fixed-wing capabilities.
The MV- 22 Osprey is replacing the CH-46E helicopter as the
Marine Corps’ medium-lift aircraft. Its primary mission is to provide assault transport of troops, weapons, equipment and supplies.
The MV- 22 is a force multiplier due to its ability to fly faster, higher
and longer, and carry more cargo than the platform it is replacing.
Designed to carry 24 combat-equipped troops, or 20,000
pounds internally the MV- 22 complements the range of military
operations with its external capability. It has demonstrated its
ability to lift a High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
(HMMWV or Humvee), an M777 howitzer and various loads.
The MV-22B is a redesign of the V-22A that rolled out in
1989. Low-rate initial production was authorized in fiscal 1997.
In 2000, the MV-22B was rated operationally effective and suitable for operations. The MV- 22 program was projected to
achieve a full-rate production decision by December 2000, but
was delayed in the wake of two fatal accidents that year.
Flight testing of a redesigned Osprey with extensive changes for
safety resumed in May 2002, with four MV-22Bs and one Air Force
CV-22B participating in the restructured test program by the end of
the year. Deliveries of the reconfigured MV-22B — the Block A version — began in November 2003. Block A aircraft were not intended for operational use and are limited to training and development
roles. Operational squadrons are equipped with the Block B combat
configuration first delivered in December 2005. An operational test
squadron dedicated to the MV- 22, VMX- 22, was activated in 2003.
A second operational evaluation in 2005 led to the decision to enter
full-rate production. In October 2012, the MV-22B Block C was
determined to be operationally effective and suitable.
The first operational Osprey squadron, VMM-263, was activated in March 2006 beginning the fleet transition from the CH-
46E to the MV- 22. IOC was reached in June 2007 and VMM-263
took the MV-22B into combat on a deployment to Iraq in
September 2007. VMM-263 deployed the Osprey to sea in 2009
onboard the amphibious assault ship USS Bataan. VMM-261
took the MV-22B on its first deployment to Afghanistan in late
2009. In July 2012, the first overseas squadron, VMM-265,
stood up in Okinawa, Japan, and in May 2013, V-22s began
being delivered to HMX- 1 to support the Executive Transport
Mission. As of the start of fiscal 2016, there are 16 active and
two Reserve VMM squadrons, and one VMMT squadron.
Since achieving IOC in 2007, the MV- 22 continues to be for-
ward deployed and proving itself in combat. Its unique capabil-
ities have been demonstrated in a variety of missions, including
tactical recovery of aircraft and personnel, casualty evacuations,
resupply, assault support and theater security cooperation oper-
ations. The MV- 22’s speed and range have proven invaluable as
Marine Expeditionary Units (MEUs) continue to operate across
ever-increasing distances, such as from Afghanistan to Libya.
In August 2013, a Bell-Boeing-leased MV-22B demonstrated
a precontact drogue aerial refueling of an F/A- 18.
The Marine Corps has a requirement for 360 MV-22Bs and
the Air Force has a requirement for 50 CV-22Bs. The Navy has
selected a version of the V- 22 for a carrier-onboard aircraft to
replace the C-2A and has a requirement for 44 aircraft. The program’s second multiyear procurement contract (fiscal 2013-
2017) for 101 MV-22Bs and nine CV-22Bs was signed in June
2013. As of November 2015, the Marine Corps inventory
included 249 MV-22Bs. Japan has ordered five V-22s.
WINGSPAN:.................. 84. 5 feet (to rotor tips)
LENGTH:...................... 57. 25 feet
HEIGHT: ....................... 20. 9 feet
WEIGHT:...........................maximum gross 60,500 pounds (self-deployment);
57,000 pounds (STOL); 52,600 (VTOL)
SPEED:.........................maximum, 280 knots or Mach 0.48
RANGE:........................with 24 troops, 430+ nautical miles;
self-deploying, 2,230 nautical miles
POWER PLANT:........... 2 AE-1107C Rolls-Royce turboshaft engines
PAYLOAD: ......................internal, 20,000 pounds; external, 12,500 pounds
TROOP SEATS: ........... 24
ARMAMENT: ................ 1 GAU- 17, or 1 M240D 7.62mm machine
gun/GAU-16/GAU- 18 .50-caliber machine gun
CREW: .......................... 2 pilots, 1 crew chief
CONTRACTORS:.........Bell Helicopter Textron, Boeing Integrated
AH-1W SUPER COBRA/AH-1Z VIPER
BRIEFING: The AH- 1 helicopter’s primary roles are to provide fire
support and security of forward and rear area forces; conduct point-target/anti-armor and anti-helicopter operations; provide armed
escort, control and coordination for assault support operations;
control, coordinate and provide terminal guidance for supporting
arms including artillery, mortars, naval surface fire support and
close air support; and conduct armed and visual reconnaissance.
MV- 22 OSPREY