MARINE CORPS WEAPONS & VEHICLES
infantry in the attack. The plan to develop the ACV is divided
into three phases: ACV 1. 1, ACV 1. 2 and ACV 2.0.
ACV 1. 1 will support expeditionary mobility capability and
capacity with balanced levels of performance, protection and payload. It will be capable of utilizing water obstacles, including the
sea within the littoral operating area, as maneuver space. This tactical level of water mobility will enable shore-to-shore maneuver
and complement the operational capability of the AAV.
The ACV 1. 1 will provide two infantry battalions of expeditionary protected mobility capacity. The Amphibious Assault
Company lifts an infantry battalion in conjunction with that
supported infantry battalions’ organic wheeled assets. The ACV
1. 1 will consist of non-developmental item procurement of the
Personnel Carrier (ACV-P).
ACV 1. 2 is expected to bring improved capability and capacity to the ACV. The degree of improvements will be driven by
lessons learned from ACV 1. 1; however, one capability that will
be sought is the ability to self-deploy and recover from naval
amphibious shipping. Additionally, ACV 1. 2 will bring new
variants for recovery and command-and-control functions.
Current plans indicate an intention to procure 490 ACVs in
phase 1. 2.
ACV 2.0 is a planning construct that details a desired capability, not a specific, singular vehicle type or craft. The capability
sought by the Marine Corps for ACV 2.0 is the ability to achieve
high water speed in ship-to-shore operations. This currently is a
science and technology effort led by the Marine Corps
Warfighting Lab as well as the Office of Naval Research.
CONTRACTOR: ........... TBD (contract award challenged; unresolved
as of press time)
LIGHT ARMORED VEHICLE (LAV)
BRIEFING: The Marine Corps has more than 900 LAV-A2s.
Seven configurations of the Family of LAV (FOLAV) are in service, including the LAV- 25, armed with a M242 25mm chain gun;
LAV-Anti-Tank, armed with the TOW missile system; LAV-Command-and-Control variant, equipped with a communications suite; LAV-Logistics variant; LAV-81mm Mortar variant;
the LAV-Recovery variant; and LAV-Mobile Electronic Warfare
Support System variant.
The LAV mission profile centers on conducting reconnaissance, security and economy-of-force operations, and, within its
capabilities, limited offensive or defensive operations that
exploit the unit’s mobility and firepower. LAVs can cross rivers
and streams and traverse rough terrain at relatively high speed.
During Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Corps mobilized most of
its LAV inventory to drive more than 600 miles inland from
Kuwait to Tikrit, north of Baghdad, demonstrating the mobility
requirement of the modern MAGTF. LAVs continued to provide
critical mission capabilities to Marine Corps and coalition forces
participating in Operation Enduring Freedom.
A service life extension program (SLEP) was initiated in
2005 primarily to address obsolescence issues. In addition, this
upgrade replaced the LAV- 25’s Generation I thermal sight with a
Generation II system, with greater ranges for target detection,
recognition and identification. The new sight incorporates an
integrated laser rangefinder, fire-control computer, target
motion indicator and target coordinate computation. The SLEP
efforts enhanced the survivability and lethality of the LAV- 25
platform, extended the LAV’s service life through 2015 and
redesignated the LAV configurations as LAV-A1.
The second upgrade to the FOLAV became the LAV-A2 configuration standard. The LAV-A2 project involved developing
and installing an internal and external ballistic protection
upgrade package, an automatic fire-suppression system for the
interior of the vehicle, engine and cooling system upgrades, a
280-amp alternator upgrade and a Generation II suspension
upgrade to support the added weight of the new armor. The suspension upgrade includes new struts/steering knuckles, torsion
bars, shocks and mounts, and drive shaft.
The Ballistic Protection Upgrade Package (BPUP) system
comprises three kits, two of which provide additional protection
against threats while the third provides for an internal and
external stowage system. BPUP provides the LAV with additional survivability against improved explosive devices (IEDs) and
direct-fire kinetic energy weapons.
The A2 upgrade included a power pack enhancement package that improves systems cooling, increases engine horsepower
and eases maintainability. In addition, a new high-performance
muffler and thermal shroud were added that reduced emissions,
vehicle weight and thermal signature.
The Anti-Tank Modernization (ATM) program, currently in
the Production Phase, will restore the supportability and mission effectiveness of the LAV-ATA2s by providing improved reliability, availability and maintainability of the turret system. This
will be achieved through the following mission suite upgrades:
multishot capability, the ability to acquire targets while on the
move with an improved thermal sight, and an advanced fire-control system capable of firing the current and next-generation
heavy anti-armor missiles.
The Mobility and Obsolescence (MOB) program, currently
in the EMD Phase, is addressing obsolescence issues. MOB will
integrate a new power pack and transmission. Additionally,
MOB will upgrade the driver’s instrument panel and slip ring on
the LAV- 25.
CONTRACTORS:.........General Dynamics Land Systems (MOB),
LIGHT ARMORED VEHICLE