MARINE CORPS WEAPONS & VEHICLES
SHOULDER-FIRED MISSILES AND ROCKETS
capable of defeating advanced battle tanks, including those with
reactive armor at medium range (between 65 and 2,500 meters).
The missile employs a soft launch two-stage motor that reduces
the gunner’s vulnerability to counter fire because of its minimal
launch signature and ability to be fired from enclosures and covered positions. The Command Launch Unit’s Imaging Infrared
system is used to detect targets, including in conditions of poor
visibility and night operations. The round consists of the missile
and the disposable launch-tube assembly.
The missile has two gunner-selectable flight modes. The
Top-Attack mode allows the missile to impact on top of the target and the Direct-Attack mode (line of sight) allows it to
engage targets that are in a covered position. An elevated trajectory, combined with tandem, shaped-charge warheads, optimizes the Javelin’s lethality against modern tanks. The Javelin is
fully fielded within the Marine Corps, with eight systems in
each weapons company.
CONTRACTORS:.........Javelin Joint Venture (Raytheon Missile
Systems, Lockheed Martin)
MK153 MOD 0 SHOULDER-LAUNCHED
MULTIPURPOSE ASSAULT WEAPON
BRIEFING: The Mk153 Mod 0 SMAW weapon system has been
fielded since 1984 and comprises a launcher and a family of
rockets. The SMAW provides an assault team the ability to accurately engage bunkers and other fortifications, light armored
vehicles and technical targets at close range ( 25 to 250 meters).
The rocket family is composed of three variants: HX05 High
Explosive Dual Purpose, HX06 High Explosive Anti-Armor and
HA34 Novel Explosive. The HX05 is capable of destroying
bunkers and fortified structures and the HX06 is capable of
destroying lightly armored vehicles and some tanks. The HA34
was fielded in 2001 to allow clearance of cave entries and is
capable of destroying small buildings.
CONTRACTOR: ...........Nammo Talley Defense Systems
FIM- 92 STINGER
BRIEFING: The shoulder-held Stinger surface-to-air missile is an
infrared homing weapon used by the Marine Corps that can engage
jet or propeller-driven aircraft or helicopters at low altitude.
LENGTH:...................... 5 feet
DIAMETER: .................. 2. 75 inches
WINGSPAN:.................. 8 inches
WEIGHT: ....................... 34. 5 pounds (including launch tube)
RANGE:........................ 3 miles
PROPULSION: ............. solid-propellant rocket
WARHEAD:................... conventional high-explosive
CONTRACTOR: ........... Raytheon Missile Systems
HEAVY ANTI-ARMOR WEAPONS
M41A7 SABER / M220A3 TOW /
BRIEFING: The M41A4 Saber system replaces the M220 Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided (TOW) Weapon System
that has been the heavy anti-armor weapon system for the Marine
Corps for more than 45 years. The Saber system includes the M41
Improved Target Acquisition System (TAS), fielded by the U.S.
Army since 1998, a newly integrated Far-Target Locator and the
TOW family of missiles. The M41A7 currently is being fielded as
an Image Enhancement (IE) to the M41A4. The IE capabilities
include: electronic focus; 2, 4 and 8x zoom; polarity reversal;
Enhanced Local Area Processing; frame integration; electronic
image/scene stabilization; and a D-Zipper effect.
The Saber has significant improvements over the M220, incorporating a number of features designed to enhance its combat
effectiveness and reliability. The Saber system will allow Marines
to get a better view of the battlefield with an integrated day/night
sight and a second-generation forward-looking infrared (FLIR)
system that doubles the detection, recognition and identification
performance ranges of the M220. The integration of the Position
and Attitude Determination Subsystem, along with the laser capability in the TAS, allows for the operator to accurately determine a
10-digit grid to target coordinate out to 6,500 meters, allowing for
surveillance and target location reporting to other units as well as
aid in the ability to conduct indirect fire missions. This system can
be employed from the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled
Vehicle, Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle or
from a ground mount.
The TOW missile family has a maximum range of 4,500
meters, a maximum weight of 65 pounds and three tactical variants: TOW-2A, TOW-2B and TOW-BB. The TOW-2A is a direct-attack (line of sight) missile with a tandem-warhead configuration to provide increased lethality against targets with reactive
armor. The TOW-2B is a fly-over, shoot-down missile that
attacks armored targets from above, firing two explosively
formed penetrators through the top armor plates. The TOW-BB
(Bunker Buster) utilizes a bulk-filled high-explosive warhead
that can breach or destroy concrete walls, earth and timber
bunkers, and technical targets.
A recent modification to TOW missile incorporates a radio-frequency-guided control capability thus eliminating the physical wire link from the launcher to the missile. The suite of missiles also can be used by the Light Armored Vehicle-Anti-Tank
(LAV-AT). The M220A3 TOW 2 System still is being used by the
FGM- 148 JAVELIN