MARINE CORPS AIRCRAFT
BRIEFING: The UC-35C/D is a Federal Aviation Administration-certified military utility transport version of the Cessna V Ultra
(UC-35D) commercial light-lift aircraft. The UC- 35 is a multipurpose low-wing, twin-engine business jet monoplane with a
pod-mounted engine on each side of the aft fuselage. It has
accommodations for a pilot, co-pilot and six passengers and/or
cargo, or a combination of the two. The UC-35C/D fleet is located at multiple sites around the United States and overseas and is
responsible for rapid-response transport for high-priority resupply and movement of key personnel to remote sites. The two UC-
35Cs entered service in 1999; the 10 UC-35Ds (of 11 acquired)
entered service during 2001-2006.
CONTRACTORS:.........Cessna Aircraft Co., M7 Aerospace LLC
C-9B SKYTRAIN II
BRIEFING: The C-9B Skytrain is a military version of the
McDonnell Douglas DC- 9-32 airliner modified with an upper cargo
door. The C-9B provides the Marine Corps high-priority logistical
airlift and can haul cargo, passengers or a combination of the two.
The Navy acquired 17 C-9Bs from 1973-1982. During the
1980s, an additional 12 second-hand DC- 9-31 and - 33 airliners
(retaining the DC- 9 designation) were purchased from commercial airlines and modified with cargo doors, bringing the total C-
9 fleet to 29 aircraft. Beginning in 2001, the C-40A aircraft
began replacing the C- 9 fleet, completing replacement in 2014.
The two remaining Skytrains in service are flown by Marine
Transport Squadron One (VMR- 1).
In 2011, the Navy acquired a DC- 9 modified for special test
work; the aircraft is designated NC-9D.
MV- 22 OSPREY
BRIEFING: Developed by the Navy/Marine Corps/Air Force and
the team of Bell-Boeing, the V- 22 is the world’s first production
tiltrotor aircraft combining rotary- and fixed-wing capabilities.
The MV- 22 Osprey is replacing the CH-46E helicopter as the
Marine Corps’ medium-lift aircraft. Its primary mission is to
provide assault transport of troops, weapons, equipment and
supplies. The MV- 22 is a force multiplier due to its ability to fly
faster, higher and longer, and carry more cargo than the platform it is replacing.
Designed to carry 24 combat-equipped troops, or 20,000
pounds, internally, the MV- 22 complements the range of military operations with its external capability. It has demonstrated
its ability to lift a High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
(HMMWV or Humvee), an M777 howitzer and various loads.
The MV-22B is a redesign of the V-22A that first rolled out in
1989. Low-rate initial production was authorized in fiscal 1997.
In 2000, the MV-22B was rated operationally effective and suitable for operations. The MV- 22 program was projected to
achieve a full-rate production decision by December 2000, but
was delayed in the wake of two fatal accidents that year.
Flight testing of a redesigned Osprey with extensive changes
for safety resumed in May 2002, with four MV-22Bs and one Air
Force CV-22B participating in the restructured test program by
the end of the year. Deliveries of the reconfigured MV-22B —
the Block A version — began in November 2003. Block A air-
craft were not intended for operational use and are limited to
training and development roles. Operational squadrons are
equipped with the Block B combat configuration first delivered
in December 2005. An operational test squadron dedicated to
the MV- 22, VMX- 22, was activated in 2003. A second opera-
tional evaluation in 2005 led to the decision to enter full-rate
production. In October 2012, the MV-22B Block C was deter-
mined to be operationally effective and suitable.
The first operational Osprey squadron, VMM-263, was activated in March 2006 beginning the fleet transition from the CH-46E
to the MV- 22. IOC was reached in June 2007 and VMM-263 took
the MV-22B into combat on a deployment to Iraq in September
2007. VMM-263 deployed the Osprey to sea in 2009 onboard the
amphibious assault ship USS Bataan. VMM-261 took the MV-22B
on its first deployment to Afghanistan in late 2009. In July 2012,
the first overseas squadron, VMM-265, stood up in Okinawa,
Japan, and in May 2013, V-22s began being delivered to HMX- 1
to support the Executive Transport Mission. As of the start of fiscal 2015, there are 16 VMM squadrons.
Since achieving IOC in 2007, the MV- 22 continues to be
forward-deployed and proving itself in combat. Its unique capabilities have been demonstrated in a variety of missions, including
tactical recovery of aircraft and personnel, casualty evacuations,
resupply, assault support and theater security cooperation operations. The MV- 22’s speed and range have proven invaluable as
Marine Expeditionary Units (MEUs) continue to operate across
ever-increasing distances, such as from Afghanistan to Libya.
In August 2013, a Bell-Boeing leased MV-22B demonstrated
a pre-contact drogue aerial refueling of an F/A- 18.
The Marine Corps has a requirement for 360 MV-22Bs and the
Air Force has a requirement for 50 CV-22Bs. The program’s second
multiyear procurement contract (fiscal 2013-2017) for 101 MV-
22Bs and nine CV-22Bs was signed in June 2013. As of October
2014, the Marine Corps inventory included 224 MV-22Bs.
MV- 22 OSPREY