NAVY C4ISR AND UNMANNED SYSTEMS
UNMANNED UNDERSEA SYSTEMS
WWW.SEAPOWERMAGAZINE.ORG 102 SEAPOWER ALMANAC 2015
UNMANNED UNDERSEA SYSTEMS
ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT UUV
BRIEFING: As a risk-reduction effort for the torpedo-tube-launched 21-inch MRUUVs (Mission Reconfigurable Unmanned
Underwater Vehicles), the Navy awarded Lockheed Martin
Maritime Systems & Sensors a contract in 2003 to design a single
prototype ADUUV. It is the first Navy UUV designed to accommodate interchangeable modular mission payloads — cylindrical sections mated along its length — that can be swapped out at sea. The
single prototype will be used as a test bed for future UUV payloads.
CONTRACTOR: ...........Lockheed Martin Corp.
LARGE-DISPLACEMENT UUV (LDUUV)
BRIEFING: The planned LDUUV is designed to take full advantage of the 88-inch-diameter, 40-foot-long vertical launch tubes of
the four Trident ballistic-missile submarines the Navy is converting into guided-missile attack subs. The LDUUV will have a diameter of more than 3 feet. It will offer far greater range and payload
than the 21-inch MRUUV and, with ample room for batteries,
could potentially operate autonomously for several weeks. The
LDUUV would carry a variety of sensor and weapon payloads.
The Navy released its requirements in 2014 for a new class of
LDUUV “to provide increased endurance, long range, and payload
hosting. The LDUUV will be a modular, open architecture, reconfigurable UUV delivered in increments. The Increment 1 LDUUV
will have mission capabilities to include Intelligence Preparation
of the Operational Environment and below-water ISR to improve
battlespace awareness. Future increments are expected to include
mission payloads to provide above water ISR, mine countermeasures and payload deployment. LDUUV Increment 1 will be capable of launch and recovery by littoral combat ship (Independence
and Freedom classes) and submarine (via Virginia class) Payload
Modules or Modernized-Dry Deck Shelter.”
CONTRACTOR: ........... TBD
BRIEFING: The MK 18 Mod 2 Kingfish is a Remus 600 UUV
equipped with a side-scan sonar to detect mines and other
objects underwater. It was deployed to the Persian Gulf in 2012.
It can be deployed from an 11-meter RHIB.
CONTRACTOR: ...........Kongsberg Hydroid
KNIFEFISH SURFACE MINE
UNDERWATER VEHICLE (SMCM UUV)
BRIEFING: General Dynamics was awarded a contract in November 2011 to develop the SMCM UUV. The system will include
two 10-foot-long, 21-inch-diameter Bluefin- 21 UUVs. SMCM UUV,
formerly known as the Battlespace Preparation Autonomous
Underwater Vehicle and developed by the Office of Naval Research
and Battelle’s Bluefin Robotics, is a fairly inexpensive UUV that
hunts for mines. Its side-scanning sonar can distinguish metal
objects in the water from mines. It travels a preset course at a speed
of 3 knots and can operate to a depth of 900 feet.
The Bluefin- 21 has operated at sea from Navy coastal mine-hunter ships. The littoral combat ship’s mine warfare mission
package includes two Bluefin-21s. Production of engineering
and development models began in November 2011. A risk-reduction program was completed in August 2013. The contract
includes options for up to five low-rate production systems ( 10
UUVs). IOC is scheduled for 2017.
CONTRACTORS:.........General Dynamics Advanced Information
Systems, Battelle’s Bluefin Robotics
UNDERWATER VEHICLE (HAUV)
BRIEFING: The HAUV is being developed for the Explosive
Ordnance Disposal Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Localization
System, a security system to inspect ship hulls, piers and pilings
for explosive devices and other underwater threats. The HAUV
is intended to navigate along the curve of a ship’s hull to detect
and classify targets. Bluefin was awarded a contract in 2007 to
build two HAUV prototypes.
CONTRACTOR: ...........Battelle’s Bluefin Robotics
BRIEFING: The surface-launched, battery-powered Sculpin, based
on the Remus 100, is a small, autonomous, bottom-mapping UUV
that can scout for mines in advance of Navy explosive ordnance disposal divers. It was used in 2003 during Operation Iraqi Freedom in
mine-clearance operations in the port of Umm Qasr. It will be included in the littoral combat ship’s mine warfare mission package.
CON TRACTOR: ...........Kongsberg Hydroid
SEA STALKER UUV
BRIEFING: The Sea Stalker is a large-diameter UUV — based on
the Sea Horse UUV — that can be launched from and retrieved by
the dry-deck shelter of an Ohio-class SSGN. Powered by a lithium
battery, the UUV has an endurance of seven to 10 days and can loiter offshore, collecting intelligence with two antenna masts, and
transmit and receive information via an Iridium satellite.
CONTRACTOR: ...........Pennsylvania State University Applied
MK 18 MOD 2 KINGFISH