because it is a bad idea but “
because we can’t afford everything.”
Although the JLTV is “moving
along” under Army leadership, he
said under full sequestration he
could not afford it and would have
to refurbish the best of his old
“I won’t mortgage the Amphibious Combat Vehicle,” which is intended to replace the Vietnam-vin-tage Amphibious Assault Vehicles.
By fall, he expects to know what
the Corps can afford and to issue a
request for proposals to industry
next year, Amos said.
Navy, USMC Submit Plans
For Women in Combat
The armed services, as well as U.S.
Special Operations Command, have
submitted their plans for expanding
the opportunities for women to
serve in combat roles. In memoran-da released June 18, service secretaries submitted their plans and
milestones for opening up more
military occupational specialties to
women and to submit justifications
for exceptions if required.
Where the Navy and Marine
Corps are concerned, because of
berthing and privacy limitations,
enlisted women currently do not
serve on Perry-class frigates (FFGs),
ships (MCMs) and Cyclone-class
coastal patrol ships (PCs). For the
same reason, women officers do not
serve on Los Angeles- and Seawolf-class attack submarines (SSNs).
Female enlisted personnel also
do not serve in coastal riverine
small craft and with Marine Corps
ground combat units (such as
medical personnel) below the battalion level. Also, SEAL officer and
enlisted specialties are closed to
women, as are enlisted ratings
associated with submarines.
Navy Secretary Mabus said he
would submit for approval in July the
opening of coastal riverine forces to
officer and enlisted women. Navy
women also will be assigned to
Marine Corps ground combat units
as those units are opened up in accordance with Marine Corps policy.
By next March, the service will
decide whether to open up FFGs,
MCMs and PCs to enlisted women.
By March 2015, the Navy will
decide whether to assign women
officers and enlisted personnel to
Los Angeles and Seawolf-class SSNs.
Women officers already serve on
Ohio-class submarines and soon
will serve on Virginia-class SSNs.
The Navy has announced its intention to have enlisted women serve
on Virginia-class SSNs.
The Marine Corps will take a
two-pillar approach: analyzing how
closed specialties can be opened to
women Marines; and analyzing
specialties already open to women
but in currently closed units.
In calendar year 2013, the Corps
will analyze the requirements to
include women in closed units,
including those that embark on
amphibious warfare ships. The analysis will include assessments of the
cost of modifying facilities; of recruiting, retention, health and injury data;
and of how “leadership, education
and proven performance play into
unit cohesion and effectiveness,” the
Marine Corps memorandum said.
In 2014, members of newly
opened units and specialties will receive preparatory education in order
to set conditions for integration.
In 2015, the integration plan will
be executed in a sequence to maintain maximum combat readiness.
“In order to maintain the highest
levels of combat readiness and maximize the contributions of every
Marine, standards will not be artificially raised or lowered and will be
aligned with operational and occupational requirements,” the Marine
Corps memorandum said. “If at any
time the integration of women in
either units or [military occupational
specialties] conflicts with the guiding principles set forth by the [secre-
tary of Defense] or [chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff], an exception to
the policy will be requested to keep
the positions closed.”
U.S. Special Operations Com-
mand (SOCOM) is moving more
slowly and will conduct by July 1,
2014, a thorough analysis of the
impact of integrating women in small
special operations units, including an
assessment of training standards and
the psychological and social impacts.
SOCOM also is commissioning a sep-
arate study by the RAND Corp.
By April 1, 2015, SOCOM will
submit a list of specialties open to
women and any exceptions, if
required, and by Oct. 1, 2015, will
assign senior and midgrade women
to previously closed units, except for
units requested for exception, if any.
“We are not predisposed to any
particular course of action,” said
Army Maj. Gen. Bennett Sacolick,
speaking for SOCOM at a June 18
Pentagon briefing to reporters.
The Navy and Marine Corps will
follow the SOCOM policies as they
develop with regard to SEALs and
Marine Corps Special Operations
Col. Jon Aytes, of the Military
Policy Branch at Headquarters
Marine Corps, said the Corps is
approaching the integration from a
He said the Corps will conduct
an experiment with 400 male and
400 female Marines in 250 physi-
cally demanding tasks to develop a
“safe, simple screening test.”
“With this plan, we fully envision
Navy will have no closed occupa-
tions, very limited number of closed
positions and equal professional
opportunity for females in every offi-
cer designator and enlisted rating in
the Navy by January 2016,” Mabus
said in the Navy memorandum. ■
Reporting by Seapower Correspondent
Megan Scully. Managing Editor Richard
R. Burgess and Special Correspondent
Otto Kreisher contributed to this report.