to review, in one session, near-term readiness as well as
discuss strategic and budget-related issues. So it’s a one-stop shop that allows the leadership to shape the NNFE,”
Bachmann told Seapower.
The NNFE board created four cross-functional
teams, which meet regularly, in the areas of strategic
planning, warfighter customer assurance, readiness and
modernization, and financial planning and funding.
Trident Warrior ’06 took place in the U.S. Third
Fleet/Pacific Fleet operating area between California
and Hawaii. It evaluated 48 shipboard and 14 shore-based technologies or tactics, techniques and procedures in several operational categories including naval
networks, defense support to civilian authorities,
coalition operations, naval fires, and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance.
“There was real excitement during Trident Warrior
’06 on the part of the fleet with two shipboard communications technologies: Subnet Relay and Internet
Protocol over HF radio [HF IP],” Bachmann said.
Subnet Relay, tested in Trident Warrior ’05 and ’06,
allows shipboard line-of-sight VHF and UHF radios to
create a tactical intranet, relaying e-mail, text chat and
other IP data traffic ship-to-ship within a coalition task
group. IP, or Internet Protocol, data adheres to a set of
standards to ensure data packets transmitted over the
Internet are routed to their intended destinations.
The technology was developed jointly with the
navies of Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the
United Kingdom, which have participated regularly in
Trident Warrior. HF IP allows data to be exchanged at
low rates using shipboard HF radios. It should help
foster interoperability with other navies, many of
which use HF rather than satellite radios for long-range communications.
“The push is on right now for Subnet Relay and HF
IP to be accelerated” within the Defense Department,
Another success story in Trident Warrior ’06 was a
software application that the Navy labs developed with
Mitre Corp. called the Coalition Chat Translation Tool.
“The beauty of this online chat tool,” Bachmann said,
“is that it has a translation capability. You just type as you
normally would in chatting with a coalition partner, and
the tool automatically translates your words into a variety of languages. The Pacific Fleet participants in the
exercise immediately saw the utility of that application
for facilitating communications with coalition partners.”
As a result of the global war on terrorism, Maritime
Domain Awareness was a key theme of Trident Warrior
’06 and will be again this year. It entails improving the
collection, fusion and dissemination of data drawn
from U.S. joint forces, U.S. government agencies, international coalition partners and commercial organiza-
Sailors aboard the amphibious assault ship USS
Bon-homme Richard test systems in the Joint Operations
Center in preparation for Trident Warrior 2006. Trident
Warrior is the primary sea trial exercise for FORCEnet, which
exploits advanced technology concepts to provide information superiority and integrates and improves decision-making
and execution capability.
tions relating to the movement of vessels, people and
cargo in the global maritime environment. The goal is
to weave the data into a comprehensive common operating picture that would be distributed among users
with access to appropriately classified data.
Command-and-control enhancements as well as common operating picture technologies were evaluated during Trident Warrior ’06. One of the Navy’s stated objectives for Trident Warrior ’07 is to “determine the requisite
amount, composition and disposition of data correlation
and fusion needed for global maritime operations centers
supporting Maritime Domain Awareness.”
A technology that demonstrated its value in Trident
Warrior ’05 and ’06 is called the Automatic Identification System (AIS), a collision-avoidance and harbor traffic-control device carried by large commercial
vessels. The shipboard AIS is analogous to identification transponders carried by commercial airliners that
enable air traffic controllers to identify and track the
aircraft. It can be used to plot the name, heading,
course, speed, latitude, longitude, registration number
and International Maritime Organization number of all
AIS-equipped ships within radio range.
Following Trident Warrior ’06, Bachmann said, the
Navy rolled AIS into the Global Command-and-Control
System-Maritime 4.x program for further development
and integration into Maritime Domain Awareness efforts.
Information sharing is a key requirement if the most
dangerous sea-borne threats, including terrorists and
weapons of mass destruction, are to be effectively detected, identified and tracked. An information-sharing network infrastructure providing high-speed data exchanges
with coalition forces, called the Combined Enterprise
Regional Information Exchange System-Maritime, was